Reducing Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) using Prairie Grasses and Wildflowers
Storm Water Runoff’s Impact on Urban Streams
New video from Ohio EPA
DID YOU KNOW?
Grass clippings contain phosphorus that will get carried into a waterway by storm water. According to several studies, one bushel of fresh grass clippings can contain between 0.1 to 0.3 lbs of phosphorus. This is enough phosphorus to produce between 30 – 50 pounds of algae growth in a lake or river .
WHAT CAN YOU DO?
- Mulch or collect the grass clippings.
- Sweep up any clippings from the street or driveway.
- If you need to dump them somewhere, find a green dump site.
Lake Erie Algae
Check out this video and other information about Harmful Algae Blooms from the National Center for Water Quality Research at Heidelberg University
What is a watershed?
A watershed is any area of land where surface water drains into a common body of water. If water from a neighborhood drains into a particular ditch,then that neighborhood shares a common watershed. Where ditches from several neighborhoods drain into a creek or brook, then all of those neighborhoods share a common watershed. Likewise, a watershed would include the geographical area of all creeks and brooks that drain into a river. Essentially, the quality of water in any watershed affects all living things within that watershed, no matter how large or small that watershed may be.
In our area of northwest Ohio, you might live within a watershed that is drained by Eagle creek or Riley creek or any number of other creeks. Since those creeks empty into the Blanchard River, you can also say that you live in the Blanchard River Watershed.
On a larger scale, you can claim that you live in the Maumee River watershed because the Blanchard flows into the Auglaize River, which then flows into the Maumee. Of course, the Maumee River flows into Lake Erie, which means that you are a part of the Great Lakes Watershed, too.
Interestingly, just a few hundred yards south of the headwaters of the Blanchard River in Kenton, Ohio, water flows to the Scioto River, which flows to the Ohio River and on to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. So folks who live in the north end of Kenton have something in common with folks in Montreal, Canada, where water from the Great Lakes flows past on its way to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, while residents in the south part of Kenton have something in common with folks in New Orleans, near the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Rain barrels are not new, but are making a come back. Up until the 60’s many homes used methods of collecting rainwater, such as open barrels and cisterns. Many rural homes still use some method of collecting rainwater today. However, in urban areas, the development of municipal water systems and health concerns made the collection of rain water a thing of the past. But, with many municipal water systems reaching or nearing their capacity and the increased cost of municipal water, rain barrels are being revived as a method of collecting and storing rainwater to be used to water plants and other uses.
Pervious pavement is designed to allow percolation or infiltration of stormwater through the surface into the soil below, where the water is naturally filtered and pollutants are removed. In contrast normal pavement is an impervious surface that sheds rainfall and associated surface pollutants forcing the water to run off paved surfaces directly into nearby storm drains and then into streams and lakes.
To learn more about pervious pavements Click here